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CRUDE OIL-ASTM D-1298

CRUDE OIL-ASTM D-1298

CRUDE OIL

Crude Oil is an unrefined petroleum product containing mostly complex hydrocarbons with some additional organic material. Density varies, ranging from light and thin to heavy and thick; as does the sulfur content, ranging from sweet (low) to sour (high); and the colour ranging from yellow-gold to impenetrable black. Crude oil is further processed in refineries for making a large number of consumer products such as gasoline, diesel, heating oil, kerosene, and literally thousands of other products broadly classified as petrochemicals. The overall demand drivers for crude oil can be sub-divided into the individual demand growth of crude oil end-use areas. One of the major uses of crude oil is for the manufacturing of gasoline.

CRUDE OIL - ASTM D-1298

Constituents Specifications Test Method
API @ 60 F
30 - 45
ASTM D-1298
Sulfur (wt%) max
0.8
ASTM D-4294
BS &W % max
2.0
Paraffins (vol. %)
40 - 70
ASTM D-2789M
Naphthenes (vol. %)
> 25
ASTM D-2789M
Organic Chloride (ppm)
< 1.0
ASTM D-4929
Organic Nitrogen max (ppm)
500
ASTM D-4629
Microcarbon Residue (MCRT)
2.0 Max
ASTM D-4530
Light ends C2 – iC5
5 % Max
Total Acid Number, mg KOH
0.8
ASTM D-664
Metals by ICP
ASTM D-5708
Vanadium
<10 ppm
Nickel
<10 ppm
Iron
<10 ppm
Silicon
<10 ppm
Asphaltene wt%
0.5
ASTM D-6560