EN 590 is a standard published by the European Committee for that describes the physical properties that all automotive diesel fuel must meet. EN590 separate in 10ppm and 50ppm Euro. EN 590 Gas Oil is a 10 ppm (parts per million) sulphur content gas oil. It has a higher cetane number than A2 Class Gas Oil (another 10ppm sulphur content class of red diesel), making it better suited to internal combustion engines in off-road vehicles.

Diesel EN590 (Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel) describes the physical properties that all automotive diesel fuel must meet if it is to be sold in the European Union and Britain. Since 2007 this is called “Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel” as the former function of sulphur as a lubricant is absent (and needs to be replaced by additives). Automotive diesel has national variants but the usual variants traded are EN560 and EN590 which are specified by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Paris. Ultra-low–sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a fuel with substantially lower sulfur content. Since 2006, almost all of the petroleum-based diesel fuel available in Europe and North America has been of a ULSD type.

The quality of European diesel fuels is specified by the EN590 standard. While these specifications are not mandatory, they are observed by all fuel suppliers in Europe. It is intended for application in diesel engines. Diesel motor fuel quality meets the requirements of European Standard EN590.

For operation in the conditions of a temperate climate following marks of fuel diesel automobile, EN590 are offered:

  1. Grade A – limiting filterability temperature +5;
  2. Grade B – limiting filterability temperature 0;
  3. Grade C – limiting filterability temperature –5 °C;
  4. Grade D – limiting filterability temperature –10 °C;
  5. Grade E – limiting filterability temperature –15 °C;
  6. Grade F – limiting filterability temperature –20 °C.


The entire volume of produced diesel fuel quality meets the requirements for fuels for vehicles of Euro 4 and Euro 5. Low sulfur content reduces emissions of sulfur oxides into the atmosphere, which is especially important for inhabitants of big cities.

Many countries in Europe require diesel fuel to meet a specific class in winter. In Central and Western Europe the Winter Diesel must meet Class F conditions at least from the beginning of December to the end of February. During a transitional period (mostly October and April) a lower Class must be met. In the Scandinavian countries, the Winter Diesel must meet Class 2 conditions. Some mineral groups offer both types commonly known as Winter Diesel and Arctic Diesel.

EN 590 (3) UNE STAND. (3) ASTM  STAND. (3)
Cetane number (4) minimum 51 EN ISO 5165 EN 15195 UNE-EN ISO 5165 UNE-EN 15195 0613
Cetane Index (4) minimum 46,0 EN ISO 4264 LINE-EN ISO 4264 D 4737
Density at 150C kg]m3 820 to 845 (5) EN ISO 3675 EN ISO 12185 UNE-EN ISO 3675 UNE-EN ISO 12185 D 4052 D 1298
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (6) % m/m maximum 8 EN 12916 UNE-EN 12916
Sulphur content mg/kg maximum 10 EN ISO 20846 EN ISO 20884 UNE-EN ISO 20846 UNE-EN ISO 20884
Distillation (7): 65 0/0 VIV collected 85 0/0 VA/ collected 95 % WV collected minimum 250 maximum 350 maximum 360 EN ISO 3405 UNE-EN ISO 3405 D 86
Kinematic viscosity at 400C mm2/s 2,00 to 4,50 EN ISO 3104 UNE-EN ISO 3104 D 445
Flash point higher than 60 EN ISO 2719 UNE-EN ISO 2719 D 93
Cold filter plugging point (POFF): Winter (1 October to 31 March) (8) Summer (1 April to 30 September) (8) maximum -10 maximum 0 EN 116 UNE-EN 116
Cloud point: Winter (1 October to 31 March) (8) Summer (1 April to 30 September) (8) maximum O maximum +6 EN 23015 UNE-EN 23015 D 2500 D 5772
Carbon residue (on 10% distillation residue) % m/m maximum 0,30 EN ISO 10370 UNE-EN ISO 10370 D 4530
Lubricity, corrected wear scar diameter (corrected WSD 1,4) at 600C pm maximum 460 EN ISO 12156-1 UNE-EN ISO 12156-1
Water content mg/kg maximum 200 EN ISO 12937 UNE-EN ISO 12937
Total contamination (Solid particles) mg/kg maximum 24 EN 12662 UNE-EN 12662
Ash content % m/m maximum 0,01 EN ISO 6245 UNE-EN ISO 6245 D 482
Corrosion to copper (3h at 500C) ASTM scale maximum 1b EN ISO 2160 UNE-EN ISO 2160 D 130
Oxidation stability g/ms maximum 25 EN ISO 12205 UNE-EN ISO 12205 D 2274
Oxidation stability (9) hours minimum 20 EN 15751 UNE-EN 15751
FAME Content (10) EN 14078 UNE-EN 14078
  Manganese mg/l EN 16576 UNE-EN 16576
   Colour ASTM scale maximum 2 D 1500 D 6045
Transparency and gloss complies D 4176
We're Ready Anytime

We Are Available For 24/7 Emergency Services

Get in touch with our team for inquiries, support, or any assistance you may need.
error: Content is protected !!